Organic waste matter is a major destructive environmental problem experienced, not only in Indonesia, but many countries worldwide. It is rather a difficult task to solve, due to unscrupulous and uncontrolled activities on earth. Currently the most common method to dispose untreated waste is through the use of landfills or incineration. If the problem is not arrested objectively by applying proper disposal methods, there would be serious repercussions on the delicate balance of the natural environment and its varied resources.
Reflecting the growing seriousness of environmental problems and the recent heightened interest in it, there is an urgent need to develop alternative and variable methods of organic waste treatment solution to provide stringent counter-measures.
Organic waste represents a substantial amount of the community’s waste streams, including green waste, putrescible waste, sewage sludge and industrial/commercial by-products such as abattoir and food processing waste. In managing composting, problems relating to odor, leachate, vermin, flies and limited urban transportation increases the cost of traditional systems and technologies There is also drastic loss of trace elements, minerals and other beneficial compound due to the current inability to process or fractionalize the organic waste.